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FACTS ABOUT LAUREL  

Laurel history

Since the down of civilization, laurel is known as "noble" plant, and its oil as the "magic" oil. Tradition says that famous women, like Cleopatra and queen Zanoubia, have used this oil to keep their hair shiny.

The laurel tree has been admired ever since antiquity, occupying a semi- mystical position in Greek live and mythology, a laurel leaf was placed on the brow of the winner of the Olympic Games, giving origin to the expression "Winning" ones laurels. Zeus, chief of the gods, was also crowned with laurel, and so were placed ancient Rome .

Laurel crowns wee placed on the poets brow, and the word baccalaureate  from which bachelor is delivered  means "laurel berry". Apollo's temple stood in a laurel grove, and

laurel tree
the Delphic, oracle, sitting in her inner sanctum, munched a few leaves before she began prophesying. The nymph Daphne, pursued by Apollo, was saved by being changed into a laurel tree, a legend which has produced some of the finest Greek sculpture of the nymph, half laurel tree. And after that the god Apollo developed the habit to wear bay twigs in memory of his unreturned love. And that's why in the Greek tongue, bay was named Daphne after the nymph Daphne. Much later, the roman emperors made of the laurel wreath as a symbol of the god Apollo, furthermore, bay leaves were a popular spice in roman cookery. Today, bay leaves are a rather common flavoring in all western countries; they are used for soups, stews, sauces pickles and sausages, several fish dishes profit greatly from bay leaves. French cooking can not be imagined without a trace of Laurie, which is also one of the chief ingredients of the "bouquet garn" and bay leaves are almost as popular in all Mediterranean cooking.


Definition
Laurel (laurus noboilis l.) is the Latin name of an evergreen tree that grows in the Mediterranean countries.
It has an olive-like fruit of which ethereal oil is extracted the laurel oil. Oil extraction is done manually and in a traditional way.

The laurel plant
A dioeciously plant, flowers appear around mid-April. Male trees do not bear fruit.
laurel fruits
 The olive - like fruit grows into black oily clusters and are harvested in autumn (Nov. to mid December) the process of oil extraction is complicated and manually done. Villagers have learned the process traditionally and passed it from generation.

Used plant parts
Leaves used, as spice. Industrially, laurel oil is prepared from the fruit, which may be used in soap making.

Synonyms

laurel woods

Arabic: ghar

Armenian: tapani

Chinese: yueh kuei

Dutch: laurier

English: sweet laurel, bay leaf

Estonian: harilik loorberipuu

Farsi: barg bu

Finnish: laakeripuu, laakerinlehti

French: Laurier (noble)

German: lorberr

Italian: aloro, lauro

Japanese: gekkeiju

Norwegian: laurboerblade

Russian: lavr

Spanish: laural

Swedish: lager
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